In search of orders in Turin by Francesca Restauri.

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This is the second building that I chose. This building is located in Piazza Statuto, near porta Susa. This is one of the main squares in Turin. It is from this place that the Decumanus Maximus of Turin (Via Garibaldi) starts, as a matter of fact, this was one of the four entrances to the ancient roman city. Piazza Statuto is sourrounded by buildings that are very similar, or the same as the one in the photo. All these buildings are designed by the Italian Architect Giuseppe Bollati and built in the 1864 by a constructions society from London: The Italian building society. I chose this building for two reasons: firstly I appreciate the play of colors of the facade, that in my opinion are essential to make the square as beautiful as it is. In addition to this, I also like the relationship between this building and all the other that we can see from Piazza Statuto.

Let’s start from some of the neighborhood of this building: IMG_6023.JPG

Here we can see the monument dedicated to the tunnel of Frejus, and behind it we have one of the building that follows the same style as the one in the first photo.

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In this photo it is highlighted the relationship between the building that I chose and the Sanpaolo skyscraper by Renzo Piano in the background, old and modern compared.

IMG_6005.JPGThis last image shows another neighborhood, the BBPR tower, one example of post rationalism architecture in Turin.

After this brief introduction we can start to talk about the building itself more in detail.

We can see that it has a straight facade, a portico at the lower floor and that colours play an important role in the final effect.

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Starting from the ground floor we can notice that there is a portico with shops inside the building. We can identify a series of 11 round arches, that have the keystone in plain sight.

IMG_5971.JPGIn this photo we can examine two different kind of columns. Both are non load bearing, but just like a relief. The lower ones are wide and tapered and they have a composite capital. the upper ones are very small and simple, and they has no function but they seem to be a frame for the windows at the upper floor.IMG_5973.JPGIn this picture we can focus on pediments. We have three kind of pediments. Let’s start from the lower one. It is a crosshead pediment with an intricated decoration, all the windows on the first floor have this element above. The second one is a croasshead pediment as well but it is way more simple and it has no decorations.In this case too, all the windows at the second floor have this simple element. At he upper floor we have a wide pediment with a circular window inside, that we can find only at the edges of the building.

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Here in my sketch we can focus on the design of the building. It can be divided into 11 sections. These sections can be divided in three different types that I called A, B and C.

The A sections are the one on the edge, they are bigger, they have bigger balconies, a big pediment on top,  4 columns at the first floor and 4 at the second floor.

The B sections are 5, while the C sections are 4. They are smaller than the A ones, have smaller balconies and they have a different numbers of columns.

B and C sections are similar, the only difference is the C has balconies on the second floor while B doesn’t.

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