The first building that I chose is one branch of the Fideraum bank. Looking on the internet, it is very difficult to determine who’s the architect and when it has been built.I think that the reason is because it is appreciated more for its use than for its architecture, so the information are more about the people who work in the bank. It is located between Corso Galileo Ferraris and Via Rodolfo Montevecchio in Turin.
Since it is in the intersection of these two roads, here we can see one of its “neighborhood”, an intersting apartment building that has on its facade original vase-shaped columns, a tower, and intricated decorations.
I chose this bank because there are a lot of details that, in my opinion, represents a very interesting interpretation of the classical orders. Let’s see them item by item.
In the ground floor we can see two columns that are like the one in the photo. In the shaft, the common cylindrical shape alternates with cubes. This new interpretation matches with the wall in the background, it seems that the stripes continue both in the wall and in the column.The capital it is an interpretation of the ionic one, it is like a ionic capital but double. These are supporting columns as a matter of fact they sustain the weight of the balcony and what’s on it.
Here we have another example of supporting columns, these are very short shaft columns and they have exactly the same capital as the columns that we examined before.
Here instead we can see two different kind of columns that are not load bearing. The first one has stripes on it that continue from the wall, while the second one is a classical column with a ionic capital. These columns have no function, they are just like a relief, created to enrich the facade.
In this picture we can see that there are different kind of pediments. We can identify a classical swan’s neck pediment just above the windows at the first floor. in the balcony in the center of the facade we can see two supporting columns.They support the big pediment above the wide window. I would like to stress two aspects.
Firstly, the peculiar way in which the columns are designed, half of the shaft is tapered and the other half is non tapered. We have to highlight the pediment as well; it is a richer version of the swan’s neck pediment of the other windows. But the prize for the biggest pediment goes, obviously, to the one on top that contributes to make the facade more extravagant. There is also one last detail that we cannot forget. The shape of the facade, we can see that is just like a wave, and it makes me think of one of the main feature of the baroque period, whereof turin is one of the main exponent (as we can see in the Palazzo Carignano for instance).
Here there are two different outputs of the same sketch of the facade of the building. They are supposed to represent just the shape of the facade and the elements that we can find in it.