Assignment ‘In SEARCH of ORDERS in Turin’ by Alessia Garino ( S241081)

Casa Fenoglio- Lafleur

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Fenoglio-Lafleur house is a historical building in the Art Nouveau style located in Turin, Italy. It is situated at Via Principi d’Acaja, 11, in the San Donato borough, a central area with significant Art Nouveau buildings and New Gothic architecture. The building was designed and constructed in 1902 by building engineer Pietro Fenoglio.

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Although the structure is characterised by a rather traditional setting typical of a bourgeois, the building is an excellent and balanced example of combined use of materials. The decoration is very rich, abundant and references art nouveau with frequently phytomorphic shapes. The latter constitutes the elements between the two wings of the building and is embellished with a pronounced bow window with polychrome glazing, which exhibits a mixture of wrought iron.

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The building is located on the edge of the old town and is spread over three floors above ground, plus the attic floor. A privileged location is characterized by angular momentum along the axis of corso Francia at via Principi d’Acaja where will find the main entrance.

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Fenoglio designed the building as his home, according to the French Art Nouveau style. It was a “home-studio” which favoured freedom of expression for creative talent. The building was designed to be an aesthetic model of the new style, during the age of Art Nouveau style in Turin.

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Above many of the windows there are pediments, which have no structural use. The pediments of this building are segmental or arch pediment, where the normal angular slopes of the cornice are replaced by one in the form of a segment of a circle, in the manner of a depressed arch. The pediments contain a tympanum decorated with geometrical figures in relief sculpture.

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The winding trend is nicely presented in an elegant glass news stand line above the balcony. Although it was saved from bombing in the Second World War the building suffered years of decline, therefore the latter was restored under the careful restoration carried out in the 1990s, which has brought the entire building to the original splendour.

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Casa Fenoglio-Lafleur is one of the city’s finest examples of this type of architecture: flower-shaped decorations can be seen throughout the building, especially in the top rose window and in the outstanding corner module.

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Pietro Fenoglio devoted himself personally to designing every detail: from the drawing of the frame chassis to the sought relief in shaped-cement. It’s an aesthetic paradigm of the artistic season of the time, with polychrome glass and intricate wrought iron bow windows, and a sinuous overhang above the terrace as its most impressive features.

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I choose this beautiful building because it has flowers in the way it’s name sounds as well as the way it looks, as it embraced the “floral style” that became popular in Europe between the XIX and XX centuries., which I appreciate very much. It is a gorgeous, four-storey-tall flower that bloom at the intersection of two upper-class streets in Turin.

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Torri Rivella

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The Rivella Towers are two historic buildings located at Corso Regio Parco 1 e 2 in the Aurora neighbourhood located near the historic centre of Turin, near the confluence of Corso Regina Margherita, Regio Park, and San Maurizio. The two buildings were designed and constructed in 1929 by architect Eugene Victor Ballatore of Rosana. They represent, along with a few others in the city, an example of architecture Deco, otherwise known as Stile Novecento.

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Both buildings are eight floors high, and the prospects are marked by bands of grey plaster and red brick and are developed with an angular position making their mirror symmetry their strength. While at first glance, the façades of the building look very similar, they’re actually very different. They differ mainly in the Deco style decoration, as well as in the edges and in the morphology of the pinnacles of the central body.

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In this, the pair of buildings reinterprets a pattern of “city gate”, also the apered form of the towers, although starting from a height of about ten meters lower, can confront with the complex geometry of the nearby Guaraní spire of the Chapel of the Shroud, contributing to the articulation of the skyline in the central area of the city, in the sense of the complexity and sedimentation of signs, meanings and functions.

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Above some central windows and windows on the first 2 floors there are pediments, which have no structural use. The pediments of this building have normal angular slopes of the cornice. The pediments contain a tympanum decorated with objects in relief sculpture.

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Two buildings, that mark with their late eclectic language and bizarre profile, part of the skyline of the city between the Royal Gardens and the Dora, giving the hierarchy and structure to the visual axis of Corso Regina Margherita and San Maurizio.

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There are very few columns in this building, and they’re found on first floor of the facade and are part of the wall, it seems as it could have a slight structural use to support the balconies above, but they could also be just decorative, this structural element rhas certain proportional and decorative features. This columns are engaged, that is to say form part of a wall. The form of the column does not fall under any classical order.

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The horizontal strips, alternating the exposed brick and light plaster, define the most massive base from which emerge the spiers that emphasize the asymmetric intersection of Corso Regina Margherita with Corso Regio Parco, one of the baroque axis that bind the town to its surroundings. There is great attention to detail in the accents of an Art Deco geometrized next to the Novecento style.

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I choose this amazing building because of its originality compared to the usual Turin building, but also if massive and different is able to fit perfectly in the context. I also recognized the intention to reinterpret the ottocentesco concept of urban boulevards access, in this case of Regio Park. It is a work highly symbolic and recognizable but at the same time, able to fit into an architectural complex environment, characterized by the nearby Guaraní dome of the Cathedral and the famous Mole Antonelliana.

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