ORDERS IN TURIN BY FAN JING

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This is the facade of Museo Nazionale del Risorgimento Italiano,located in via Accademia delle Scienze,5.The museum was designed in the second half of the 17the century by Guarino Guarini. There are a lot of types of order in this three-storey building visually(as shown in the following illustrations).

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There are superimposed orders on the ground floor, these two columns use one common stylobate to support.As we all can see,the upper part of each column is a classical Doric order with curve shaft.The lower part is French style.

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On the second floor,we are able to distinguish these columns from their capitals, they are Corinthian orders ,which are the most ornate of the orders and decorated with acanthus leaves and scrolls.Furthemore,they are also superimposed orders.

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This is the top of the structure landspace .There is another order called Ionic,the major feature of the ionic order is the volute of its capital.And the columns are fluted.

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Pilaster:there is a different order from above columns used for surpporting.A shallow rectangular column built into a wall as an ornamental motif and projecting slightly beyond it.Its capital has both Corinthian and Ionic elements.

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